In: Michel Catala, Stanislas Jeannesson, and Anne-Sophie Lamblin-Gourdin (eds.), L’Europe des citoyens et la citoyenneté européenne. Évolutions, limites et perspectives. Bern: Peter Lang, 2016, 69-87.
This chapter reviews European negotiations on European citizenship from 1974 through 1992. It shows that the project of European citizenship progressed alongside German security problems and the German project for a European foreign policy or a European defence. By granting citizenship rights to European immigrants, Germany and France wanted to secure support for the Community’s foreign policy. Those rights included the right to take part in political life and a general right of residence. For both rights, however, the article shows that European citizenship was still incomplete in 1992 after the treaty of Maastricht. Voting and eligibility rights applied to local and European elections only. The right of residence required showing sufficient resources.